Tuberculosis (TB) Control
TB is usually an infection of the lungs. It is spread by sharing air with someone who is suffering from TB disease. If you are healthy, your body puts the TB germs to sleep. The germs are kept asleep forever unless your body becomes weak with age, disease or medical treatments. If the TB germs wake up, they can start to do damage to the body. When the damage starts, then you may have symptoms and spread the germs to others.
People with TB usually have more than one of these symptoms and the symptoms continue if not treated.
Health care providers must submit reports within one working day when a suspect or case is diagnosed, treated, or detected.
Children under age 6 with a positive TB test must also be reported within one working day.
Medical providers can call the Disease Prevention Unit of Yavapai County Community Health Services to report, or fax a Communicable Disease Report. All reports are confidential under HIPAA rules.
TB presents in two ways – TB infection and TB disease.
People with TB infection are healthy and able to keep the TB germs “asleep”. These folks cannot spread the TB germs. They may never develop TB disease.
People with TB disease are suffering from TB disease. The TB germs are “awake” and doing damage to lungs or other organs of the body. They can spread TB germs when they cough, sing or sneeze.
We can lessen the spread of TB and other germs with good respiratory hygiene.
For more information, please visit the following website: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – Tuberculosis.
No, your private health care provider can also give you clearance.
Yes, if your chest x-ray is normal and you do not have symptoms of TB.
No, the CDC recommends chest x-rays when:
Our county does not have very many cases of TB, so our clinics do not have doctors on staff to evaluate the TB histories and skin test results. Our contracted physicians provide monthly review of the histories, x-rays and lab work done. Following these reviews we follow up with patients as needed.
Not necessarily. The BCG vaccine (a TB vaccine given in many foreign countries) can produce a positive skin test result, but this fades after 5 years of receiving the vaccine. Many people with previous BCG vaccination will often have a negative TB result. People with a history of BCG are often from countries where TB is more common. BCG reduces the rate of severe forms of TB disease in children and overall might reduce the risk for progression from infection to TB disease. BCG is not thought to prevent TB infection. Test results for TB infection for those with a history of BCG should be interpreted by using the same diagnostic points used for those without a history of BCG vaccination.